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Montessori Filipino

Simuno at Panaguri (Bahagi ng Pangungusap) at Ayos ng Pangungusap

Quick lesson and free worksheets on mga bahagi ng pangungusap (simuno at panaguri) and ayos ng pangungusap (karaniwan o di-karaniwan).

Bahagi ng Pangungusap

What are the two main parts of a sentence? (Ano ang mga pangunahing bahagi ng pangungusap?)

The two main parts of a sentence are the subject and the predicate. (Ang dalawang pangunahing bahagi ng pangungusap ay ang simuno at ang panaguri.)

What is simuno?

Simuno is the Filipino word for subject. It is what the sentence is about.

Tagalog meaning of simuno: ang salita o grupo ng mga salita na syang pinag-uusapan sa pangungusap

What is panaguri?

Panaguri is the Filipino word for predicate. It is the part of the sentence that talks about the subject and usually has a verb and/or an adjective.

Tagalog meaning of panaguri: ang salita o grupo ng mga salita na syang nagkukuwento, naglalarawan, o nagpapaliwanag tungkol sa simuno

Simuno at Panaguri: Mga Halimbawa

Halimbawa ng simuno at panaguri sa pangungusap:

  • Mabait ang aming guro.
  • Ang bata ay umiyak buong gabi.
  • Ang mga kaibigan ni Ate ay madadaldal.
  • Magaling maglaro ng football sina Leo at Luis.
  • Importante ang pag-uusapan natin.

How can you tell which is the simuno and which is the panaguri?

Usually, it’s fairly easy to identify who or what the sentence is talking about.

Example: Si Jaime ay matangkad. (Jaime is tall.)

It’s quite obvious the topic is “si Jaime” (the subject) and “ay matangkad” is the part of the sentence that describes him (the predicate).

If there’s an action involved, the subject is usually the one doing the action.

Example: Umiyak si Hesus. (Jesus wept.)

We can identify the verb: umiyak (wept). Who’s doing the action? Si Hesus (Jesus). So umiyak is the predicate and si Hesus is the subject.

Where it gets confusing is when the subject and the predicate are both noun phrases, especially long ones. It can be tricky to figure out which noun the sentence is about, especially since, in Filipino sentence structure, the subject can come before or after the predicate.

Examples:

  • Ang Magic Tree House ang pinakapaborito kong aklat.
  • Ang kuwintas na bigay sa akin ni Lola ang pinakamahalaga kong pag-aari.

In cases like this, it helps to identify the order of the sentence (ayos ng pangungusap), which will then help you identify the simuno and the panaguri.

Ayos ng Pangungusap

What are the two sentence orders in Filipino? (Ano ang dalawang ayos ng pangungusap sa Filipino?)

In Filipino, sentences can be ordered in two ways:

  • Karaniwan / tuwid
  • Di-karaniwan / kabalikan

1. Karaniwan / Tuwid

A sentence that is in the karaniwan (or tuwid) form begins with the predicate, followed by the subject.

Tagalog definition: Ang pangungusap na nasa karaniwan (o tuwid) na ayos ay nagsisimula sa panaguri at nagtatapos sa simuno.

The Tagalog word “karaniwan” means common and it actually is very common for Tagalog sentences to start with the predicate, particularly a verb, as in the example sentence above, “Umiyak si Hesus.”

2. Di-Karaniwan / Kabalikan

A sentence that is in the di-karaniwan (or kabalikan) form starts with the subject, usually followed by the word “ay,” and ending with the predicate.

Tagaog definition: Ang pangungusap na nasa di-karaniwan (o kabalikan) na ayos ay nagsisimula sa simuno, na kadalasan ay sinusundan ng salitang “ay,” at nagwawakas sa panaguri.

The word “di-karaniwan” means uncommon; “kabalikan” means reverse. Nevertheless, you still often hear Filipino sentences that begin with the subject. They usually take the form of “Si _ ay _” or “Ang _ ay _.” The sentence “Si Jaime ay matangkad” is an example of a di-karaniwan sentence.

Tip: Most di-karaniwan sentences have the word “ay” to link the subject and the predicate. If you see the word “ay,” that’s a clue that the sentence is most likely in the di-karaniwan order — which means that the subject is the word or group of words at the beginning of the sentence.

Simuno at Panaguri Worksheets

The next section contains self-correcting worksheets on simuno at panaguri and ayos ng pangungusap that can be answered on this page (online).

You can also download printable versions of the following simuno at panaguri / ayos ng pangungusap worksheets:

Note on the Worksheets

You can reduce the size of the worksheet by zooming out your browser screen. For Windows users, scroll down the mouse wheel while pressing the Ctrl key in your keyboard.

Simuno at Panaguri Worksheet for Grade 1

Simuno at Panaguri Worksheet for Grade 2 and Grade 3

Simuno at Panaguri Worksheet for Grade 4

Ayos ng Pangungusap / Simuno at Panaguri Worksheet for Grade 5

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