Pungwayon is the Sinugboanong Binisaya term for adverb.
It’s a part of speech that describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. (Usa kini ka kabahin sa pamulong nga naghulagway sa punglihok, pungway, o lain pang pungwayon.)
There seems to be lots of different types of adverbs (matang sa pungwayon) but for this lesson we’ll focus on the most common ones and just mention the others in passing.
In English, pungwayon sa pamaagi is adverb of manner. It answers the question “how.” It is sometimes referred to as “adberbiyo sa giunsa pagbuhat ug mga lihok.”
Maayo moduwa ug futbol si Leo. (Leo plays football well.) The word “maayo” (well) describes the word “moduwa” (plays) — it tells us how Leo plays football — so “maayo” is a pungwayon sa pamaagi.
In English, pungwayon sa katagi is adverb of degree. It answers the question “to what extent.”
Maayo kaayo moduwa ug futbol si Leo. (Leo plays football very well.) The word “kaayo” (very) describes the word “maayo” (well) which in turn describes the word “moduwa” (plays). It tells us to what extent Leo plays football well and so it is a pungwayon sa katagi.
In English, pungwayon sa panahon is adverb of time. It answers the question “when.” It is sometimes referred to as “adberbiyo sa panahon sa pagbuhat sa lihok.”
Moduwa sila kontra sa Atalanta karong gabii. (They will play against Atalanta tonight.) “Karong gabii” (tonight) tells us when the verb “moduwa” (will play) will take place and so it is a pungwayon sa panahon.
In English, pungwayon sa kasubsob is adverb of frequency. It answers the question “how often.”
Aduna sila’y duwa kada semana. (They have a match every week.) “Kada semana” (every week) describes how often they have (“aduna”) a match, which makes it a pungwayon sa kasubsob.
In English, pungwayon sa dapit is adverb of place. It answers the question “where.” It is sometimes referred to as “adberbiyo sa lugar nga nahitabuan sa lihok.”
Nagduwa sila sa Camp Nou. (They played in Camp Nou.) “Sa Camp Nou” tells us where they played (“nagduwa”) so it is a pungwayon sa dapit.
Practice identifying and using mga pungwayon (adverbs) in the worksheets below.
Note on the Worksheets
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Identify the pungwayon used in each sentence.
Fill in the boxes with the best pungwayon to complete the sentence.
Match the pungwayon with its type.
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