Pungway means adjective in Sinugboanong Binisaya. The term “pungway” is the shortened version (because Cebuanos are fond of shortening words whenever they can!) of “pulong panghulagway” which translates to “words for describing.” And that is exactly what adjectives are: words that describe nouns or pronouns (pulong nga naghulagway sa pungan o pulingalan).
There are several ways you can put together a noun (pungan) and an adjective (pungway) in Bisaya.
Sentence: “The bird is black.”
Phrase: “black bird”
As you can see, we’re not very particular about word order! The meaning somehow always manages to come across correctly.
(In the Spanish language, adjectives can also come before or after a noun. Apparently, the general rule is that adjectives that come before the noun express qualities that are innate to or naturally associated with the noun, while those that come after the noun tend to differentiate that noun from others. However, the same rule of thumb does not seem to apply to Sinugboanong Binisaya.)
Practice identifying and using mga pungway / pulong panghulagway in the worksheets below.
Note on the Worksheets
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Identify the pungway or pulong panghulagway in the phrases below.
Use the correct pungway / pulong panghulagway to complete the sentences.
Complete the sentences using the appropriate pungway / pulong panghulagway.
Check out the Montessori-inspired resources available here for free.