Telling time in Filipino is a bit more complicated than in English.
Whereas you could just say 8:32 AM in English, in Filipino you would have to say “tatlumpu’t dalawang minuto makalipas ang ika-walo ng umaga” or at least “alas otso trenta y dos ng umaga.”
That said, telling the time — pagbasa ng oras — in Tagalog/Filipino is something you can learn easily enough, especially if you’re already familiar with how to say numbers in Filipino.
As demonstrated above, there are two ways to say the time in Filipino:
Honestly, it’s also quite common in the Philippines to just say the time in English. But it’s nice to know how to say it in the local language as well, plus it helps you establish a sense of kapwa and common ground with people from all walks of life, so it’s something you should definitely learn.
To be able to tell the time in Filipino/Tagalog, you need to know:
If you aren’t very familiar yet with how to say numbers in Filipino, there’s a table after the worksheets below, in the very last part of this page, that can serve as a cheat sheet for you when figuring out how to say the time in Filipino.
The parts of the day are the following:
* The boundaries between dawn and morning can be fluid. When the sunrise is at 5:15 AM, for example, it seems kind of silly to refer to 5:30 AM as madaling-araw when it’s already quite bright out. To remove the uncertainty, it’s perfectly acceptable to refer to the dawn hours as “umaga” or morning too. So 2:00 AM can be either “alas dos ng madaling-araw” or “alas dos ng umaga.”
The format for telling time in Tagalog is like this:
_____ minuto makalipas ang ika-_____ ng [part of the day]
As you can probably tell, it’s the Tagalog translation for “_____ minutes past the hour of _____ in the [part of the day].”
There is also a way to say that it’s just a certain number number of minutes before a certain hour. The format in Tagalog is:
_____ minuto bago mag-ika-[next hour] ng [part of the day]
This minutes-before format is usually more commonly used with the adapted-Spanish way of telling the time, though. Speaking of which…
The format for telling time in adapted Spanish is:
ala/s [hour] [minutes] ng [part of the day]
If you want to say that it’s a couple of minutes before a certain hour, it’s a combination of Tagalog and adapted Spanish, like this:
_____ minuto bago mag-ala/s [next hour] ng [part of the day]
I know it all *seems* a bit complicated but use the cheat sheets below the worksheets — and eventually memorize the numbers — and you’ll find it actually pretty easy!
Practice, practice, practice!
Note on the Worksheets
You can reduce the size of the worksheet by zooming out your browser screen. For Windows users, scroll down the mouse wheel while pressing the Ctrl key in your keyboard. If there are any errors/glitches, just refresh and try again.
Here’s a two-part table of the numbers you’ll need to know in order to tell the time in Filipino.
Keep in mind that spellings for numbers may vary. Depending on your source, the number nine, for example, could be spelled nuwebe or nwebe or nueve. Four could be kwatro or kuwatro. Seven could be siete, siyete, or syete. Et cetera. Whichever spelling you use, the pronunciations are basically the same!
Part 1: Hours
Filipino / Tagalog
Part 2: Minutes
Filipino / Tagalog
So…what time is it now? 😉
Anong oras na?! ^_^